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Maryland Fishing Report – July 12

Photo of girl holding up a fish she caught

Caroline White is all smiles with her first fish. Photo by David Storr III

It is time for summer fun and taking a youngster fishing is always a joy for parents, especially when the kids are excited about catching their first fish. Bluegill sunfish and white perch are often ready to oblige.

As a reminder, all areas of the Chesapeake Bay will be closed to any targeting of striped bass from July 16 through July 31. As we advise anglers every year, high summer air and water temperatures increase catch-and-release mortalities in striped bass. This closure takes place in the hottest part of the year. 

Image of Striped Bass 7-Day Fishing Advisory Forecast showing yellow flag conditions representing elevated risk Wednesday through Saturday, and the Striped Bass Fishery being closed beginning Sunday

Forecast Summary: July 12 – July 18:

Bay waters will continue to warm with high temperatures, moderate winds, and a chance of thunderstorms throughout the week. Main Bay surface water temperatures are very warm and have increased to the low 80s, with the coolest surface waters found between the Patapsco River and Annapolis. Bay salinity is still above average. There is low oxygen in bottom waters from Tolchester down to the Virginia line, and in the Potomac River from Blossom Point down to Point Lookout. Check the areas of low oxygen map to help determine the maximum fishing depth in your area. 

Expect average flows all week, although localized thunderstorms may increase flows in nearby waters. There will be above average tidal currents from Thursday through Tuesday as a result of the upcoming new moon on July 18. Expect average water clarity in Maryland’s waters. To see the latest water clarity conditions, check Eyes on the Bay Satellite Maps.

As always, the best fishing areas could be further refined by intersecting them with underwater points, hard bottom, drop-offs, and large schools of baitfish. 

For more detailed and up-to-date fishing conditions in your area of the Bay, be sure to check out Eyes on the Bay’s Click Before You Cast.

Upper Chesapeake Bay
Photo of woman in a river holding up a large striped bass

Mary Harshman had fun wading and fishing in the Susquehanna River and proudly holds up a 30-inch striped bass. Photo courtesy of Mary Harshman

The Conowingo Dam is currently operating on an afternoon power generation schedule and the recent releases have been substantial due to the hot weather. This means a lot of cool water coming down the lower Susquehanna River and rousting up the fish into increased activity. Anglers in the dam pool at the crack of dawn enjoy fishing for striped bass, and the evening bite in the lower Susquehanna is very popular. 

Topwater lures, crankbaits, and jerkbaits are popular lures to cast in the current of the river. Anglers are also finding smallmouth bass in the deeper pools of the river. Along the channel edges of the Susquehanna near the river mouth, striped bass are being caught on a variety of lures. Topwater lures are a good choice in the early morning and evening, and soft plastic jigs and paddletails are preferred when the sun is higher in the sky. 

There are always plenty of blue catfish in the lower Susquehanna, the northern waters of the Bay, and all the region’s tidal rivers. Most anglers use cut bait when fishing for a mix of channel and blue catfish, but others enjoy good luck with scented baits and chicken liver.

The concentration of striped bass and anglers continues to hold at the mouth of the Patapsco River this week. The fleet of boats has been large, and most anglers are live lining with spot. Non-offset circle hooks are mandatory for live or cut bait, and their use helps reduce the mortality of released fish. Careful catch-and-release practices, which you can find on the Department of Natural Resources website, will also help reduce mortality during high summer water and air temperatures. As a reminder, the two-week summer closure in the Chesapeake Bay starts July 16.

Some anglers are opting to stay clear of the fleet and jigging or trolling along the channel near Fort McHenry. Soft plastic jigs in shades of chartreuse and yellow are popular colors, skirted jigs are also a good choice. Those trolling are mostly using umbrella rigs. There are reports of striped bass action near the Love Point rocks where anglers are jigging or live-lining; activity is also found along the shorelines of the Bay and near the mouths of the tidal rivers, where anglers are casting topwater lures and paddletails in the early morning and late evening. 

There is plenty of good fishing for white perch in the upper Bay on some of the lumps and shoals and in the lower sections of the region’s tidal rivers. Bottom rigs baited with pieces of bloodworm are popular, and spot and small croakers are often part of the mix. Casting small spinnerbaits and jigs along shoreline structure is another productive way to catch white perch. The best fishing for spot occurs at the mouth of the Curtis Bay area of the Patapsco River, in the Magothy River, near Podickory Point, off Sandy Point State Park, and at the shallow west end of the Bay Bridge.

Middle Bay

Striped bass fishing in the middle Bay has been fair at best, and fortunately speckled trout, bluefish, and Spanish mackerel are filling the gap. There is early morning and late evening striped bass action along the Bay Bridge piers where anglers are live-lining with spot or drifting soft crab baits towards the pier bases near the 35 foot drop-off at the east end. Other anglers are casting skirted soft plastic jigs close to the bridge piers.

At sunrise, anglers are finding striped bass action along the shorelines of the Bay and lower sections of the tidal rivers as well as the rocks at Poplar Island and Thomas Point. Casting poppers and paddletails tends to be the most popular way to fish. The stump fields along the lower Eastern Shore provide another good place to fish and cast Zara Spook topwater lures for striped bass and speckled trout.

Bluefish and Spanish mackerel are showing up in the middle Bay in increasing numbers and can be spotted chasing schools of bay anchovies. Anglers are casting metal jigs and soft plastic jigs into breaking fish and speed reeling to entice Spanish mackerel to strike, or using a slower retrieve for bluefish. Trolling at about 6 to 7 knots with small Drone spoons behind No. 1 planers is the most popular way to catch Spanish mackerel. 

White perch are providing plenty of fun fishing and they are some of the best eating fish in the Bay. Fishing from docks and piers with a bottom rig baited with pieces of bloodworm close to the piers is a tried-and-true method for catching white perch. Fresh grass shrimp make excellent bait if you can catch them. Casting small spinnerbaits and spinners along shoreline structure during the early morning and evening hours is another fun way to fish. 

Blue catfish have moved down to the lower sections of the Choptank River from the town of Choptank to Chancellor’s Point; fishing for them can be difficult at times due to crabs chewing on bait. Channel catfish can be found farther up the river from the Dover Bridge to the town of Denton.

Lower Bay

The Potomac River below the Wilson Bridge closed to striped bass fishing on July 7 and will remain closed until August 20. Virginia waters remain closed to striped bass fishing with only catch and release allowed until October 4.

Currently the best striped bass fishing occurs during the early morning and late evening hours along the shorelines of the St. Marys and Patuxent rivers on the western side of the Bay, and near Hooper Island and Tangier Sound on the Eastern Shore. Most anglers are having good success with a mix of striped bass and large speckled trout. Soft plastic jigs and paddletails along with Zara Spooks are the most popular lures being used for casting. Drifting peeler crab baits is an effective way to target speckled trout along the marsh creeks and Tangier and Pocomoke sounds. Slot size red drum can also be part of the mix.

Bluefish and Spanish mackerel can now be found in the lower Bay along channel edges where they are chasing schools of bay anchovies. Trolling small Drone and Clark spoons behind No. 1 planers is one of the most popular ways to catch them. Bluefish will be caught at slower trolling speeds, the Spanish mackerel at faster speeds, usually around 6 or 7 knots. Gold and silver spoons are a good choice, and some Drone spoons can be purchased with a chartreuse stripe, which many favor. 

Cobia fishing is improving each week and they are being caught near Smith Point, Pocomoke Sound and near the Target Ship. Most anglers are chumming and fishing with live eels in the back of their chum slicks; others are having good luck sight fishing and casting with live eels or fishing large soft plastic jigs. Large red drum are also being spotted on the eastern side of the Bay.

Recreational crabbing is good this week in all regions of the Bay. In the upper bay the mouth of the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal, the Middle River, Gunpowder, Patapsco, and Chester are good places to crab. In the middle Bay, all the tidal rivers south of Kent Island are reporting good catches as well as all the tidal rivers and creeks of the lower bay region. Reports say the best crabbing occurs in 6 feet to 10 feet of water and the large 6-inch-plus crabs are full of meat.

Freshwater Fishing
Photo of man holding a large northern snakehead

State record Northern snakehead, photo courtesy of Damien Cook

A new Maryland state record for Northern snakehead was set on July 5 by Damien Cook, with the fish weighing 21 pounds even. Damien caught his northern snakehead by hook and line, and it has the potential to establish a new world record, if confirmed to beat one caught in Northern Virginia in 2018. It would be an honor for the world record to have been caught in Maryland, but of course this invasive species remains a problem in our waters.. 

The Department of Natural Resources encourages anglers to join an invasive fishing derby July 23 on the Nanticoke River, targeting northern snakeheads and blue catfish. This event, sponsored by Dr. Noah Bressman at Salisbury University will be held at the Cherry Park Boat Ramp, 100 Cherry Beach Road in Sharptown. There is no entry fee, fishing starts at 5 am., the weigh-ins are at 1:30 p.m., and prizes will be awarded. The focus of the derby is research – anglers can keep filets from their catch but the rest of the fish will be used to learn more about the effects of these species on the local ecosystem, what they are eating, and how fast they are growing and reproducing. More information is on the Salisbury University website

Photo of man on a small boat holding a fish

Cayden Guinther holds up a beautiful upper Potomac smallmouth bass. Photo courtesy Cayden Guinther

Largemouth bass are holding to their typical summer mode of behavior and providing plenty of good fishing for anglers. Largemouth bass roam the shallows at night when water temperatures are cooler. Anglers out during the early morning or late evening can fish poppers, buzzbaits, frogs, and chatterbaits near shallow grass and shorelines. If you’re fishing tidal waters, remember Northern snakeheads will be holding in shallow grass, still protecting fry balls, so you can roust and annoy them into crashing a noisy and persistent bait. 

As the morning wears on, fish the edges of grass beds, spatterdock fields, and lily pads with spinnerbaits, jerkbaits, soft baits and shallow running crankbaits. During the heat and brightness of the day, the largemouth bass will be looking for cool shade under floating mats of grass, docks, fallen treetops, and other deep structure. Good tactics to catch them include dropping wacky rigged plastics through the grass mat with plenty of weight, or flipping them under the shade of a dock and overhanging brush – just take it slow. The same works well for working deep sunken wood or bridge piers whether one is using a wacky rigged worm, stick bait, or a craw jig. 

Despite an increase in flows from recent rain, the upper Potomac continues to show typical low summertime flows. This makes for some fun wading if one is careful. Low water usually dictates long casts with light lines. Target pools behind large boulders, submerged ledges, and current breaks. At first and last light, casting poppers is a fun way to target smallmouth bass; tubes and swimbaits can also work well. 

Summertime and low flows in the streams and creeks of western Maryland and the tailrace waters of the upper Gunpowder call for some exciting and finesse fly fishing. The brown trout of the upper Gunpowder are always challenging. The western waters hold both rainbows and brown trout plus there are waters that hold brook trout, all provide fun catch-and-release fishing.

Atlantic Ocean and Coastal Bays
Photo of woman on a boat holding a fish

Black sea bass, photo by Monty Hawkins

Surf fishing along the Assateague beaches holds a typical summer mix of fish species. Kingfish and spot are being caught on bloodworms, bluefish on cut bait, flounder can be caught on squid, and inshore sharks on large cut bait.

At the Ocean City Inlet, anglers are catching sheepshead on sand fleas along the jetty rocks and bridge and dock piers. Those casting jigs and Got-Cha plugs are catching striped bass and large bluefish. Flounder are always moving through the inlet and casting Gulp baits across current and working along the bottom is a great way to target them.

The back bay channels are providing plenty of opportunity to catch flounder this week, with the East Channel and Thorofare at the top of the list. Traditional baits of squid and minnows work well but many anglers are using live spot, mullet, or small menhaden to target larger flounder.

Outside the inlet anglers who are trolling Drone and Clark spoons behind planers are catching Spanish mackerel and bluefish. The boats headed out to the wreck and reef sites are finding good fishing for sea bass and a mix of triggerfish and large flounder for their anglers. The fleet heading out to the canyons are finding a mix of yellowfin and bigeye tuna and a few white marlin when trolling. Deep drop anglers are catching a mix of golden and blueline tilefish.

“There is no telling the fascination of fishing. I loved it as a boy, and now no less as a man. And to tell what I owe to fishing would take a better book than I have written.” – Ed Zern

Maryland Fishing Report is written and compiled by Keith Lockwood, fisheries biologist with the Maryland Department of Natural Resources

Click Before You Cast is written by Tidewater Ecosystem Assessment Director Tom Parham.

This report is now available on your Amazon Echo device — just ask Alexa to “open Maryland Fishing Report.”